Duarte Pio, Duke of Braganza

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Duarte Pio
Duke of Braganza
The Duke of Braganza in 2023.
Head of the House of Braganza
Tenure 24 December 1976 – present
Predecessor Duarte Nuno
Heir apparent Afonso, Prince of Beira
Born (1945-05-15) 15 May 1945 (age 79)
Bern, Switzerland
(m. 1995)
Full name
Duarte Pio João Miguel Gabriel Rafael
House Braganza
Father Duarte Nuno, Duke of Braganza
Mother Princess Maria Francisca of Brazil
Religion Roman Catholicism
Military career
Allegiance Portugal
Service/branchAir Force
Years of service1968–1971
Battles/warsPortuguese Colonial War

Duarte Pio, Duke of Braganza (born 2 February 1941) is the current Duke of Braganza and a claimant to the throne of Portugal as Duarte III.[lower-alpha 1] He is the older son of Duarte Nuno, Duke of Braganza and Princess Maria Francisca of Brazil. Through his father, Duarte Pio is a great-grandson of King Miguel I of Portugal, and thus a member of the Miguelist branch of the House of Braganza. With the extinction of male-line dynasts descended from Queen Maria II in 1932, King Miguel's descendants became the only male-line Braganzas remaining and the closest male-line heirs to the defunct Portuguese throne. However his claim to the Portuguese throne is challenged by Pedro José, 4th Duke of Loulé.

Widely respected within the European royalty, Duarte Pio is often invited to various foreign royal events and usually attends events of the Portuguese Republic as a honor guest of the successive presidents. Politically active, his support for the cause of East Timor independence rendered him East Timorese citizenship. Despite his support for a monarchical government and widespread recognition as pretender to the throne, there are no major movements or parties that support restoration of the monarchy.


Early life[edit]

Duarte Pio was born on 15 May 1945 in Bern, Switzerland, as the first of three sons of Duarte Nuno, Duke of Braganza, and Princess Maria Francisca of Brazil. Duarte Pio claims his full name as ending with Miguel Gabriel Rafael, a naming tradition of the House of Braganza that honors the three archangels in the Catholic Church, despite his full legal name being simply Duarte Pio de Bragança.[1] His father was the grandson of King Miguel I, while his mother was a great-granddaughter of King Pedro IV (Emperor Pedro I of Brazil), who was Miguel's elder brother. Through his father, he is a member of the Miguelist branch of the w:House of Braganza. Duarte Pio's godparents were Pope Pius XII, Queen Amélie of Portugal (the mother of King Manuel II, the last monarch of Portugal) and his great-aunt Infanta Aldegundes, Duchess of Guimarães.[2][3][4]

The Duke is regarded as a Portuguese national by descent, since his father was Portuguese (and so Duarte Pio's birth was legitimately included in the Portuguese Civil Registry). At the time of his birth, Duarte Pio and the rest of the Miguelist Braganzas were banned from entering Portugal, by the laws of exile of 19 December 1834.[Citation needed] On 27 May 1950, the Portuguese National Assembly revoked both the laws of exile from 19 December 1834, which banned the Miguelist Braganzas, and the laws of exile from 15 October 1910, which banned the Legitimist Braganzas. In 1951, Dom Duarte visited Portugal for the first time, accompanied by his aunt, Infanta Filipa. In 1952, he moved to Portugal permanently with his parents and brothers.[5]


From 1957 to 1959, Duarte was enrolled in the Colégio Nun'Álvres in Santo Tirso. In 1960, he entered the Colégio Militar in Lisbon.[6] He attended the Instituto Superior de Agronomia (now part of the Technical University of Lisbon) and later the Graduate Institute of Development Studies of the University of Geneva.

From 1968 to 1971, Dom Duarte fulfilled his as a helicopter pilot in the Portuguese Air Force| in Portuguese Angola at the time of the Portuguese Colonial War. In 1972, he participated with a multi-ethnic Angolan group in the organization of an independent list of candidates to the National Assembly. This resulted in his expulsion from Angola by order of the Prime Minister Marcelo Caetano.[5]


Duarte Pio claims the throne[7][5] as the heir of King Manuel II according to the Constitutional Charter of 1826. Duarte Pio is widely considered the heir of the abolished Portuguese throne,[8][9] but a small number of Portuguese monarchists do not recognise him as pretender to the throne or as Duke of Braganza.[8] The dispute dates back to 1828 when Duarte Pio's great-grandfather was said to have usurped the throne as King Miguel I, starting the Liberal Wars. Miguel's forces were defeated in 1834 by the forces led by his own brother. Miguel I was exiled and his niece, Queen Maria II, was restored to her throne. According to the Law of Banishment (Lei do Banimento) of 1834, Miguel I and all his descendants were forever excluded from the succession to the throne. This exclusion was reinforced four years later with the approval of the Constitution of 1838, which had a similar provision.[10] However, the Constitutional Charter of 1826 was reinstated in 1842; this constitution (which was in place until 1910 when the monarchy was overthrown) did not bar Miguel's descendants from ascending the throne.[11] Finally, the Law of Banishment of 1834 was repealed in 1950.[8][12]

In 1912 and 1922, Duarte Pio's grandfather, Miguel, Duke of Braganza, supposedly reconciled with King Manuel II, but this reconciliation was not accepted by all of their adherents. There are several monarchist organizations in Portugal (like w:People's Monarchist Party (Portugal)) which maintain that only the Cortes or the National Assembly could legally determine the rightful claimant if ever Portugal decided to restore the monarchy. One monarchist group in Portugal that did support Miguel, Duke of Braganza, instead of the deposed King Manuel II was the Integralismo Lusitano.[13]

Parliamentary statements[edit]

In May 2006, the Portuguese Ministry of Foreign Affairs issued a statement where it referred to Duarte Pio as Duke of Braganza.[14] On 5 July 2006, in response to this statement, Nuno da Câmara Pereira, member of the Portuguese parliament and then leader of the People's Monarchist Party, addressed the President of the Assembly of the Republic, asking for a clarification as to the official recognition of Duarte Pio as pretender to the throne and as Duke of Braganza. In its official response on 11 July 2006, the Ministry of Parliamentary Affairs restated the fact that the Portuguese constitution guarantees the republican regime[Citation needed], and that the reference to Duarte Pio as Duke of Braganza was merely a polite courtesy.

Roles and positions[edit]

The Duke often interacts with both national and international political and cultural institutions, by which he represents the Portuguese people and their culture. Though not a head of state or official representative of the Portuguese state, Duarte Pio has been received with such honours by various foreign heads of state, government, and organizations.[Citation needed]


Dom Duarte was a major campaigner for the independence of East Timor, a former Portuguese colony which was forcibly annexed by Indonesia in 1975. Before the issue's global popularity from the 1990s onward, the Duke contributed with several national and international campaigns for the political self-determination of the territory, including Timor 87 Vamos Ajudar and Lusitânia Expresso.[5][15][16] In 1997, Dom Duarte also suggested a referendum on the independence of East Timor to the Indonesian Vice-President Jusuf Habibie.[5] After Habibie became president of Indonesia in 1999, a referendum was held that resulted in the independence of the country.[Citation needed] In December 2010, East Timor's President José Ramos-Horta expressed his interest in making Duarte Pio a Timorese citizen, which the Duke accepted, because of the "profound and spiritual relations of the Timorese people with Portugal", continuing by saying that the symbols of the House of Braganza have a "great significance" in Timor-Leste.[17] In February 2012, with final approval and support of Timor-Leste parliament, President Ramos-Horta conferred Timorese citizenship upon Duarte Pio, along with the Order of Merit.[18][19] President Ramos-Horta stated that these honours were given because of Duarte Pio's "dedication of a large part of his life to defending justice and liberty for the Timorese people."[20]

In September 2011, President Bashar al-Assad of Syria invited the Duke on a state visit to Damascus.[21] The Duke stated he was invited by President al-Assad with the intention that Duarte Pio relay the Syrian head of state's plans and intents for Syria and its people.[Citation needed] Duarte Pio told several Portuguese news outlets that it was the Syrian President's intention to "collaborate on the creation of a future constitution for Syria, close to that of Morocco, which guarantees political, religious, and press freedom."[22] Alongside communicating the political and reformist intentions of the Syrian President, Duarte Pio stated that President al-Assad was a "good and well-intentioned man" and that "since he has assumed power, he has tried to democratize and humanize politics and [that] he has already achieved great advancements."[23]

In his capacity as the President of the King Manuel II Foundation, Duarte Pio is often involved with the Community of Portuguese Language Countries, intergovernmental organization for economic, political, and cultural friendship between Portugal and many of its former colonies. In 2009, the Duke petitioned for the King Manuel II Foundation to become a consultative observer within the CPLP, but with no success.[24] In 2012, Duarte Pio petitioned, with Maria Hermínia Cabral, Director of the Calouste Gulbenkian Foundation, for their respective organizations to become CPLP consultative observers, to which both succeeded in their endeavor.[25][26] In November 2012, for a meeting of the consultative observers of the CPLP the Duke visited Mindelo, Cabo Verde.[27][28] While there, the Duke visited various locations within Cabo Verde, and was received by President Jorge Carlos de Almeida Fonseca.[29][30] During the visit, Duarte Pio decorated President Almeida Fonseca with the Order of the Immaculate Conception of Vila Viçosa. Duarte Pio often visits various municipalities around the country, in an official charge, for economic and political events. On 14 November 2007, the Duke visited the Santiago do Cacém Municipality and was received with honours by the President of the Municipality, in the Palace of the w:Concelho.[31] On 11 October 2011, Duarte Pio visited the freguesia of w:São Pedro de Oliveira, in w:Braga, and was received with honours by the President of the w:Freguesia Augusto de Carvalho.[32] On 28 March 2012, the Duke and his son, Afonso, Prince of Beira, were guests of honour at the XII Exposition of Folar and Products of the Earth, an exposition staged for the purpose of economic promotion of products from the w:Valpaços Municipality.[Citation needed]


Duarte Pio often travels and visits various places, in an official charge, for matters concerning cultural affairs, both in Portugal and overseas. From 24 until 25 May 2009, the Duke visited Terceira Island, in the Azores Autonomous Region, as a guest of honour of the Santa Casa da Misericórdia, for the presentation of Mendo Castro Henriques's book, Dom Duarte e a Democracia – Uma Biografia Portuguesa.[33] While in Terceira, Duarte Pio was received with honours by the President of the Municipality of Praia da Vitória and attended and visited various cultural and religious institutions and events, including a dinner at the Santa Casa da Misericórdia and assisting in a Portuguese bullfight.[Citation needed]

On 12 September 2011, the Duke, as President of the Henry the Navigator Award, a partner award of the w:Duke of Edinburgh's Award, visited Funchal, in the Madeira Autonomous Region, for an official visit. While there, the Duke was received with honours by Miguel Albuquerque, President of the Municipality of Funchal, visited the Municipal Gardens of Funchal and held a ceremony for the presentation of the Henry the Navigator Award.[34][35] On 30 September 2011, Duarte Pio visited Vila Franca de Xira, as a guest of honour for the Royal Tourada, and visited various cultural institutions of the municipality, including the Museum of Neo-Realism and the Celeiro da Patriarcal.[36] On 8 January 2012, the Duke visited the w:Vila Verde Municipality, as a special guest of the Association for Regional Development of Minho, where he attended an exhibition on regional culture and products and was presented a traditional Lenço de Namorados, made in 1912.[37]

Every year, on 1 December, Restoration Day, the Duke gives his annual speech in honour of the Portuguese Restoration at the dinner of the Forty Conspirators.[38] It was on 1 December 1640 that João II, Duke of Braganza, an ancestor of Duarte Pio, deposed the Portuguese House of Habsburg, installed the House of Braganza as the reigning house of Portugal, and restored sovereign rule to the Portugal. In his speeches, the Duke reflects on the historical significance of the date, events of the previous year, and the road ahead for both Portugal in general and the monarchist cause. In 2012, Restoration Day ceased to be an official holiday of the Portuguese state, prompting Duarte Pio to speak out against the action, stating that extinction of the official holiday "devalues the day which should unite the Portuguese".[39][40]

Titles, styles and honours[edit]

Styles of
Dom Duarte Pio, Duke of Braganza
Reference styleHis Royal Highness
Spoken styleYour Royal Highness
Alternative styleSire

Titles and styles[edit]

  • 15 May 1945 – 24 December 1976: His Royal Highness The Prince of Beira, The Duke of Barcelos
  • 24 December 1976 – present: His Royal Highness The Duke of Braganza, The Prince of Beira, The Duke of Barcelos, The Duke of Guimaraes, Marquess of Vila Vicosa,The Count of Barcelos, The Count of Ourem, The Count of Arraiolos, The Count of Neiva


As Head of the House of Braganza, Duarte Pio hold the following positions:

He has also been decorated with a number of other honours:


  1. Portugal only had one king named Duarte, but royalist consider Duarte Pio's father, Duarte Nuno, as having been the de jure king Duarte II.


  1. "Archived copy". www.lusitana.org. Archived from the original on 6 May 2009. Retrieved 22 May 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  2. "Sua Alteza Real o Duque de Bragança Dom Duarte Pio, Chefe da Casa Real Portuguesa". www.casarealportuguesa.org. Retrieved 2022-05-16.
  3. "D. Duarte Pio: "Saída do euro seria um benefício económico para Portugal"". www.dn.pt (in European Portuguese). Retrieved 2022-05-16.
  4. "Como é que a 'realeza portuguesa' sobrevive? Dom Duarte Pio esclarece". Notícias ao Minuto (in Portuguese). 2020-05-15. Retrieved 2022-05-16.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 Henriques, Mendo Castro (2007). Dom Duarte e a democracia: uma biografia portuguesa (2nd ed.). Lisboa: Bertrand Ed. ISBN 978-972-25-1517-7. OCLC 255594200.
  6. "Liga de Amigos do Colégio Militar – D. Duarte Pio de Bragança" [League of Military College Friends – D. Duarte Pio de Bragança]. Archived from the original on 29 October 2013. Retrieved 18 September 2013.
  7. Minet, Paul (May 1996). "Royal Births". Royalty Digest. V (11): 316. ISSN 0967-5744.
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 "Acusações a Duarte Pio de Bragança reacendem querela dinástica" [Accusations to Duarte Pio of Braganza reopen dynastic dispute]. Público (in Portuguese). 1 February 2008. Retrieved 21 June 2019.
  9. Espada, Maria Henrique (19 June 2019). "D. Duarte tem direito a lugar no protocolo de Estado? Ainda falta muito…" [Does Dom Duarte have the right to a place in the protocol of the state? Still a long way to go...]. Sábado (in Portuguese). Retrieved 21 June 2019.
  10. "Constituição de 1838" [Portuguese Constitution of 1838] (PDF) (in Portuguese). p. 18.
  11. "The Constitutional Monarchy". Archived from the original on 22 October 2013. Retrieved 30 August 2015. But the Constitutional Charter was revived for two subsequent periods: from August 1834 (when Dom Miguel left the country) to the resolution of September 1836 (which restored the Constitution of 1822 until the approval of the Constitution of 1838) and from January 1842 to October 1910.
  12. Template:Cite act
  13. Lloyd-Jones, Stewart (March 2003). "Integralismo Lusitano and Action Française: Their roots and shared principles". Portuguese Journal of Social Science. 2: 39–59. doi:10.1386/pjss.2.1.39/0.
  14. "Governo legitima e defende D. Duarte de Bragança". www.cmjornal.pt (in European Portuguese). Retrieved 2022-05-16.
  15. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named :3
  16. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named :1
  17. Lemos, Sérgio (1 December 2010). "D. Duarte já pediu nacionalidade timorense". Correio da Manhã (in Portuguese). Retrieved 13 January 2013.
  18. Lusa (10 February 2012). "Dom Duarte recebe nacionalidade timorense". Diário de Notícias (in Portuguese). Archived from the original on 28 May 2015. Retrieved 13 January 2013.
  19. Lusa (10 February 2012). "Duque de Bragança recebe nacionalidade timorense". Sapo Timor-Leste Notícias. Retrieved 13 January 2013.
  20. Lusa (13 February 2012). "Duque de Bragança cidadão timorense". Diário de Notícias. Archived from the original on 22 July 2018. Retrieved 13 January 2013.
  21. "RTP TeleJornal – D. Duarte de Bragança Traz Recado de Al-Assad". Retrieved 4 August 2018.
  22. "Sol – D. Duarte: Ditador Sírio é 'Muito Bem Intencionado'". Archived from the original on 19 December 2013. Retrieved 28 July 2018.
  23. "Mário Crespo entrevista D. Duarte Pio – SAPO Vídeos". videos.sapo.pt. Retrieved 4 August 2018.
  24. "CPLP – Candidatura da Fundação D. Manuel II a observador consultivo da CPLP" (in Portuguese).
  25. "Notícias MSN – Notícias do dia de Portugal e do mundo. Jornais, revistas, meteorologia, África, euromilhões, ciência e tecnologia -MSN". noticias.pt.msn.com. Archived from the original on 16 February 2013. Retrieved 4 August 2018.
  26. "Parseria entre instituisaun sira importante tebtebes ba funsionamentu husi fórum sosiedade sivil nian – Notícias SAPO – SAPO Notícias". noticias.sapo.tl. Retrieved 4 August 2018.
  27. Cabo Verde Directo – PR recebe Duque de Bragança
  28. "Duque de Bragança, Dom Duarte visita PR". www.rtc.cv. Retrieved 4 August 2018.
  29. Binókulo: Jorge Carlos Fonseca recebe no Palácio do Plateau Dom Duarte, Duque de Bragança Archived 29 October 2013 at the Wayback Machine
  30. Liberal – Duque de Bragança visita hoje o Presidente da República Archived 18 November 2012 at the Wayback Machine
  31. "D. Duarte Pio visita Santiago do Cacém". 16 April 2013. Archived from the original on 16 April 2013. Retrieved 4 August 2018.
  32. "Gazeta de Visue – Visita de S.A.R., o Duque de Bragança Dom Duarte Pio a Oliveira São Pedro". Retrieved 4 August 2018.
  33. "Causa Monárquica – D. Duarte Pio na ilha Terceira". Archived from the original on 14 June 2013. Retrieved 14 January 2013.
  34. "Duque de Bragança vem ao Funchal". Retrieved 4 August 2018.
  35. "Dom Duarte, Duque de Bragança visita Hortas Municipais do Funchal". 27 January 2012. Archived from the original on 27 January 2012. Retrieved 4 August 2018.
  36. "O duque de Bragança, Dom Duarte Pio, visitou na tarde de sexta-feira, 30 de Setembro". Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 4 August 2018.
  37. "Adere-Minho – Dom Duarte Pio de Bragança visita Adere-Minho e recebe Lenço de Namorados do Minho certificado (réplica original de 1912)".
  38. "Causa Monárquica – D Duarte Pio e o 1º de Dezembro". Archived from the original on 1 July 2013. Alt URL
  39. "Extinção do 1.º de Dezembro desvaloriza dia que mais devia unir os portugueses, diz Duarte Pio". Retrieved 4 August 2018.
  40. "Notícias MSN – Notícias do dia de Portugal e do mundo. Jornais, revistas, meteorologia, África, euromilhões, ciência e tecnologia -MSN". noticias.pt.msn.com. Retrieved 4 August 2018.[permanent dead link]

External links[edit]

Duarte Pio, Duke of Braganza
Cadet branch of the House of Aviz
Born: 15 May 1945
Portuguese royalty
Preceded by Duke of Braganza
24 December 1976–present
Title last held by
Luís Filipe
Prince of Beira
Duke of Barcelos

15 May 1945 – 24 December 1976
Succeeded by
Titles in pretence
Preceded by — TITULAR —
King of Portugal and the Algarves
24 December 1976–present
Reason for succession failure:
Kingdom abolished in 1910

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