Jean, Count of Paris

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Prince Jean
Orléanist pretender to the French throne
Head of the House of Orléans
Tenure 21 January 2019 – present
Predecessor Henri, Count of Paris
Heir apparent Prince Gaston d’Orléans
Born (1965-05-19) 19 May 1965 (age 59)
Boulogne-Billancourt, France
Spouse
(m. 2009)
Issue
  • Prince Gaston
  • Princess Antoinette
  • Princess Louise-Marguerite
  • Prince Joseph
  • Princess Jacinthe
Full name
Jean Carl Pierre Marie[1]
House Orléans
Father Prince Henri, Count of Paris
Mother Duchess Marie Therese of Württemberg
Religion Roman Catholic

Prince Jean, Count of Paris (born 19 May 1965) is the current Head of the House of Orléans. Jean is the senior male descendant by primogeniture in the male-line of Louis-Philippe I, King of the French, and thus, according to the Orléanists, the legitimate claimant to the throne of France as Jean IV.[2][3] Of France's three monarchist movements, Orléanism, Legitimism and Bonapartism, most royalists are Orléanists.[4] Jean is the second son of the late Henri, Count of Paris (1933–2019) and his former wife Duchess Marie-Thérèse of Württemberg (b. 1934). With the death of his father, he has been using the style of Count of Paris since 2019.[5]

Biography[edit]

Early life[edit]

Prince Jean d'Orléans was born on 19 May 1965 in Boulogne-Billancourt. He is the eldest son of PrinceHenri d'Orléans, Count of Paris and Duchess Maria Theresa of Württemberg. Through his father, he is a great-great-great-grandson of Louis Philippe I, King of the French, and great-great-grandson of Isabel, Regent of Brazil, while through his mother he is a great-grandson of Albrecht, Duke of Württemberg, the heir to King William II of Württemberg. Prince Jean was baptized in the Catholic Church on 14 June 1965 at the Royal Chapel of Dreux. He received as godfather, his maternal uncle, Carl, Duke of Württemberg, and as godmother, his paternal aunt, Princess Chantal of Orléans.[6]

He holds a master's degree in philosophy, a master's degree in law, and an MBA.[7] He performed national service as an officer and has been a Reserve Colonel of the French army since 2015.[8]

First engagement[edit]

Prince Jean was due to marry Duchess Tatjana of Oldenburg (b. 1974) in 2001. Duchess Tatjana is the youngest daughter of Duke Johann of Oldenburg and Countess Ilka of Ortenburg. Her elder sister Eilika married Archduke Georg of Austria in 1997. However, the wedding was cancelled at the last moment because of a dispute over religious denomination: Jean's father, Henri, feared the Orléans claim to the throne would be compromised if there were to be a Protestant heir.[9]

Second engagement and marriage[edit]

On 29 November 2008, Henri, the then Count of Paris, announced the engagement of Jean, the then Duke of Vendôme, to Maria Magdalena Philomena Juliana Johanna de Tornos y Steinhart, born in Vienna on 19 June 1977. The civil wedding, conducted by Mayor 7th arrondissement of Paris, Rachida Dati, took place on 19 March 2009 in Paris. The religious wedding was held on 2 May 2009 at the Cathédrale Notre-Dame at Senlis, with a reception at the Château de Chantilly.[10] The bride wore a gown by Christian Lacroix and a jacket embroidered by Maison Lesage.[11]

Issue[edit]

The couple have five children:

  • Prince Gaston Louis Antoine Marie d'Orléans (born 19 November 2009 in Paris).
  • Princess Antoinette Léopoldine Jeanne Marie d'Orléans (born 28 January 2012 in Vienna).
  • Princess Louise-Marguerite Eléonore Marie d'Orléans (born 30 July 2014 in Poissy).
  • Prince Joseph Gabriel David Marie d'Orléans (born 2 June 2016).
  • Princess Jacinthe Élisabeth-Charlotte Marie d'Orléans (born 9 October 2018 in Dreux).[12]

Politics[edit]

Jean believes that the people of France are "monarchist at heart" and argues that they long for a non-partisan figurehead.[13] He has spoken in support of the Yellow vests protests in France.[14] Jean has also expressed his opposition to same-sex marriage, having participated in the La Manif pour tous protests, as well as abortion.[15][16]

In May 2019, Jean met with French President Emmanuel Macron, Brigitte Macron, and Italian President Sergio Mattarella in his then-home in the Château d'Amboise.[17]

Titles, styles and honours[edit]

Titles and styles[edit]

  • 19 May 1965 – 27 September 1987: His Royal Highness Prince Jean d'Orléans, fils de France[18]
  • 27 September 1987 – 21 January 2019: His Royal Highness Prince Jean d'Orléans, fils de France, Duke of Vendôme[18]
  • 21 January 2019 – present: His Royal Highness Le Monseigneur The Count of Paris[19]

He was created Duke of Vendôme (Duc de Vendôme) by his paternal grandfather, on 27 September 1987.[18]

Following the death of his father, it was initially thought that Prince Jean would not assume the title of Count of Paris for several months after his father's death, and possibly not for as much as one year.[20]

Honours[edit]

National[edit]

  • France French Republic: Recipient of the National Defence Medal of France, 3rd Class

Dynastic[edit]

Ancestry[edit]

Jean is a direct male-line descendant of Louis Philippe I, the last French king, who in turn was a descendant of Philippe I, Duke of Orléans, the younger brother of Louis XIV of France. Jean is also descended from Charles X of France, brother of Louis XVI; and the Bourbons of Spain, the Two Sicilies and Parma.

References[edit]

  1. "Portrait du prince Jean". gensdefrance.com (in French).
  2. Bloks, Moniek (1 January 2019). "Prince François of Orléans, eldest son of Henri, Count of Paris, pretender to the defunct French throne, has died". Royal Central. Retrieved 25 January 2019.
  3. "Henri d'Orléans, pretender to French throne, dies". RFI. 22 January 2019. Retrieved 25 January 2019.
  4. O'Reilly, Edward (24 January 2019). "Did You Know? The Tale of the three Frenchmen who still lay claim to the throne". The Local. Stockholm. Retrieved 5 February 2019.
  5. Le Prince - website Le Comte de Paris
  6. Philippe de Montjouvent. Le comte de Paris et sa descendance, éditions du Chaney. p. 215.
  7. Ibid
  8. Gotha Almanac, John James, Earl of Tara, 2019
  9. "BBC News - EUROPE - Royal wedding plans suffer a hitch". News.bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 2017-05-23. https://archive.today/20120712033311/http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/1384875.stm
  10. "Jean d'Orlean and Philomena de Tornos to have secind". Hellomagazine.com. Retrieved 2017-05-23.
  11. WWD Staff (2009-05-04). "Fashion Scoops: The Next Halston?… Something Lacroix…. – WWD". Wwd.com. Retrieved 2017-05-23.
  12. "Une nouvelle princesse est née à Dreux" [A new princess was born in Dreux]. L'Écho Républicain (in French). 12 October 2018. Retrieved 25 January 2019.
  13. Chazan, David (3 February 2019). "Two 'princes' locked in battle to succeed Henri d'Orleans as 'official' pretender to French throne". The Telegraph. Archived from the original on 7 November 2020.
  14. Jean d'Orléans (13 December 2018). "Le Prince Jean de France: "Gilets Jaunes : Bâtir un projet commun"". Archived from the original on 17 April 2019.
  15. Bellerive, Pierre de (21 March 2013). "Le Prince Jean de France à la Manif Pour Tous". Archived from the original on 21 September 2020.
  16. Jean d'Orléans. Un Prince français. p. 111.
  17. Template:Cite tweet
  18. 18.0 18.1 18.2 18.3 de Montjouvent, Philippe (1998). Le Comte de Paris et sa Descendance (in French). Charenton, France: Editions du Chaney. pp. 13–14, 214, 217, 391–392, 396–398, 473–474. ISBN 2-913211-00-3..
  19. Official website
  20. "Disparition - Le Comte de Paris s'éteint et laisse la maison de France au prince Jean". lechorepublicain.fr (in French). 21 January 2019. Retrieved 22 January 2019.
  21. James, John, ed. (1 January 2019). Almanach de Gotha. ISBN 9780993372582.
  22. "Heir to the French Throne and former French Minister invested into the Order - Sacred Military Constantinian Order of St. George". Constantuinian.org.uk. 25 June 2012. Retrieved 2017-05-23.

External links[edit]

Jean, Count of Paris
Cadet branch of the House of Bourbon
Born: 19 May 1965
French royalty
Preceded by Count of Paris
21 January 2019 – present
Incumbent
Heir apparent:
Prince Gaston d'Orléans
Titles in pretence
Preceded by — TITULAR —
King of the French
21 January 2019 – present
Reason for succession failure:
French Revolution of 1848 leads to Abolition of monarchy
Incumbent
Heir apparent:
Prince Gaston D'Orleans, Prince Royal
Preceded by — TITULAR —
Prince Royal of France
2016 or 30 December 2017 – 21 January 2019
Succeeded by
Prince Gaston d'Orléans
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